3 Tiers of The Sex Offender Registry

Sex-Offender-Registry-Homepage-3Have you checked out the National Sex Offender Registry? Thanks to the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, convicted sex offenders throughout the United States, the District of Columbia and some Indian tribal communities are required to register their residence information with area authorities, as well as make their residence known in the jurisdiction in which they were convicted. This Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) online system is incredibly helpful for parents, schools and other groups to help keep kids safe from convicted offenders.

As you review the national registry or even the registry in your area (for example, I think the sex offender registry in my home state of Indiana is terrific!), you will see offenders are placed into one of three “tiers” on these registries. In general terms, here’s a simple definition for each of those tiers:

Tier I: Lowest-level Conviction

 

A Tier I offender is someone who was convicted and served less than one-year in prison. Examples of Tier I sex offenses would be receipt or possession of child pornography, or sexual assault against an adult that involved sexual contact, but not a completed or attempted sexual act.

Tier II: Mid-level Conviction

Second tier offenses are generally more aggressive sexual contact crimes that carry longer than a one-year prison term. Tier I offenders who commit a second sexual offense are generally placed into the Tier II category. Any offense against a victim under the age of 18 automatically falls into this tier. Such offenses that would be categorized as Tier II include:

 

      • Engaging or attempting to engage minors in prostitution (including conspiracies and solicitations);
      • Having any kind of physical sexual contact with a minor that involves intimate parts of the body (either directly or through clothing) or attempts, solicitations or conspiracies to have physical sexual contact;
      • Using a minor in a sexual performance; and
      • The production or distribution of child pornography.

Tier III: Most Severe Conviction

Tier III categorizes those who are the most dangerous or repetitive sex offenders. Anyone convicted as a Tier II offender who reoffends is generally categorized in this third tier. These convictions are also punishable by one (1) or more years in prison. Offenses considered to be Tier III include:

      • More severe or aggravated sexual abuse or assault (as compared to Tier II), or the conspiracy to commit such an offense;
      • Engaging in a sexual act by force or threat;
      • Engaging in a sexual act with another who is rendered unconscious, is involuntarily drugged or who is otherwise uncapable of making a sound decision about the act or is unable to decline participation;
      • Engaging in a sexual act with a child under the age of 12;
      • For children under the age of 16, there are a variety of sexual acts defined in statute (see 18 U.S.C. 2246(2));
      • Offenses noted in the Tier II section against whom the victim is 13 years of age or younger; and
      • Kidnapping of a minor (there are exceptions related to parents and guardians).

Each jurisdiction (be it state or municipality) has some flexibility in how offenders are listed on their registries. Typically, older juvenile offenders who commit more serious sexual crimes have stricter SORNA reporting requirements than do younger juveniles with less serious convictions.  For more specific information about juvenile reporting requirements, see Section 111(8) of the statue.

Please keep in mind… sex offender registries ONLY identify known and convicted sex offenders. There are thousands upon thousands of additional sexual predators that have not been identified by authorities or that have been identified, but not convicted for sexual offenses. These online registries are simply tools to help each of us identify where previously convicted offenders are living.

So, stay vigilant and talk to your children about keeping their bodies safe, discussing with them what to do in the event something should ever happen to them.

For more information check out these resources:

For tips on how to have those conversations with kids, I invite you to read any or all of the following:

About Ginger

Chance and GK 2013-04-26Working to improve the world one child at a time, Ginger has made it her life mission to raise awareness of the world-wide epidemic of child abuse. An impassioned child advocate, trainer, speaker and child forensic interviewer, Ginger can be contacted via her website “Ginger Kadlec: 4UrKids™” at gingerkadlec.com or find her on Facebook at facebook.com/gingergkadlec.

Share small business news, blogs and social media tips with Project Eve’s community of small business owners and entrepreneurs today. Our contributors come from a wide range of backgrounds; so whether you are a small business owner, social media strategist, financial adviser, serial entrepreneur, or write an amateur blog we urge you to contribute a blog to our 350,000+ community today. For more information, please refer to our Content Submissions Guidelines.

Add a Blog

32 COMMENTS

  1. Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any tips?

  2. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this blog. I am hoping the same high-grade site post from you in the upcoming also. Actually your creative writing skills has inspired me to get my own web site now. Actually the blogging is spreading its wings rapidly. Your write up is a great example of it.

  3. Thank you, I’ve recently been searching for info approximately this subject for a while and yours is the best
    I have discovered till now. But, what in regards to the bottom
    line? Are you certain in regards to the supply?

  4. I am curious to find out what blog platform you have been working with?
    I’m experiencing some minor security problems with my latest blog and I would like to find something more safe.
    Do you have any suggestions?

  5. Yoou really make it appear so easy along with your presentqtion however I in finding this topic tto bbe really one
    thing whichh I believe I would never understand.

    It sort oof feels too complicated and extremely huge for me.
    I’m looking forward for your next put up, I’ll try
    to get the grasp of it!

  6. Having read this I thought it was really informative.
    I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this informative
    article together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot
    of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here